Apart from negatively affecting your body, extreme cold temperatures can also do something to your cars and trucks. Therefore, I will tell you about common winter car problems as well as the solutions.
Now we will find out how the low-temperature climate can affect your vehicle, and of course, you want a solution to this issue.
What Will Happen to the Performance of an Electric Car When You Drive it in Cold Temperatures?
In winter or snow, it doesn’t matter if you drive an EV. But something is going on with the battery and directly related to the vehicle’s performance and efficiency.
The battery’s chemical processes tend to slow down in cold temperatures. As a result, the amount of energy to accelerate is less than when EV drove in typical weather.
During winter, you want the car cabin to stay nice and warm, and of course, this takes a lot of battery power.
Will this affect EV mileage? Yes, the battery efficiency tends to decrease, but I think this is much better than driving while shivering in the cold.
For example, the Chevy Bolt EV gets a nearly 20% reduction in efficiency when operated in cold weather.
Flat Tires in Winter
When the temperature gets colder, the air pressure in the tires decreases by itself. The tires are contracting, so it’s better to take the time to check your tire pressure more often than usual, especially if you plan to travel long distances.
At least you can check the condition of your car tire pressure once a week in winter.
Do you think a little less pressure will result in better traction? For the sake of driving safety, you should know the tire pressure that the factory recommends because the experts have tested the product before they market it.
Tire treadwear due to less pressure is very risky. It’s also a good idea to have winter tires too, especially if you live in an area with bad cold weather.
Dead Car Battery During Cold Weather
Winter is the natural enemy of your car battery. It is annoying when you want to leave, but you can’t start the car because the battery is dead.
But don’t panic, you can use a cable jumper to solve this problem. Doing it is also not complicated, but I suggest you regularly check your battery connection condition.
You have to take care of it so the connection isn’t corroded and keeps it tight and clean.
Now, how old is your car battery? If it’s more than three years, you should replace it because it’s usually not suitable for use.
Besides that, if you want your battery temperature to stay warm in winter, it’s also easy. You have to buy a car battery warmer at online spare parts stores at competitive costs.
The price is currently around 40-70 dollars. You can choose according to your needs, and it’s more fun if you get a discount.
Engine Oil is Getting Thicker
The next winter car problems are the oil pump will work harder to circulate the oil because of its higher viscosity.
When it reaches minus 20 degrees, my advice is to choose a special oil for winter because it has low viscosity characteristics.
So what about the use of synthetic oil? It will help especially at minus 40 F as it will give better engine performance and flow.
But remember, you should always read the manual first because every vehicle may have different viscosity specifications or oil densities for winter use.
Ice Clogged Fuel Line
It’s true. Temperatures 100 degrees below zero can make your vehicle fuel freeze. But you don’t live in such a crazy area, do you? Still, even if it’s not that cold, the moisture in the fuel tank can freeze too.
As a result, the ice clogs fuel distribution. The solution is relatively easy. It would be best if you filled the fuel tank at least half the capacity.
LCD Screen Performance Decreases When the Temperature Drops
Have you ever experienced your car LCD screen becoming sluggish or less responsive in severe winter? Yes, it can happen, and it doesn’t mean the screen is broken. Even some application isn’t working at all.
The low temperature can make the liquid crystal pixels on the screen slow down like engine oil or the battery’s chemical electrolyte composition.
Unfortunately, there is no faster way than heating the vehicle to become warmer so that the screen display function returns to normal. What can help you is an engine block heater, which speeds up the temperature to rise to normal again.
Windshield Wiper Blades Problem
Naturally, rubber is elastic, but freezing temperatures can make it brittle as winter car problems.
In addition to washer fluids that don’t work properly in cold periods, cracks or tears can also occur in windshield wiper blades. So you can run into double trouble.
But don’t worry, you can handle it by using wiper blades with particular specifications for winter.
The factory designed it to be more durable for use in low temperatures. Besides that, most people don’t care about the age of the car windshield wiper blades.
Even though at least they need to replace it every six months during regular use.
Winter Car Problems Related to Low Visibility Issues
When you drive without the defrost function, cold temperatures will make the breathed air condense and even form ice flowers in the car’s windshield.
As a result, the driver’s visibility is reduced, and it can cause an accident. Therefore, you need a general heater and get rid of the frost on the windshield so you can drive safely.
Antifreeze that Freezes
Are you using antifreeze or engine coolant? Did you mix it up? Be careful; if the ratio is not right, it can make it less useful to protect the machine, especially if it is old.
But never add 100% pure coolant because the freezing point will be higher.
For example, Ethylene glycol will freeze at temperatures between 0 and -5 degrees Fahrenheit, and by mixing it with water, the freezing point will be lower, and this is what you want.
You can also use a refractometer to check the freezing point of the antifreeze yourself to reduce costs than you have to come to the mechanic.
Most modern cars already use coolant, which is more resistant to low temperatures (extended-life). Still, you should check coolant condition. Experts recommend that you drain and refill your coolant at least once every two years.
Damage to the Serpentine Belt
Freezing weather can make old belts more brittle, wear, and break.
So the best solution is to make sure your car is using feasible belts.
If you don’t know-how, it’s better if you bring your vehicle to the garage at once to check all its conditions in anticipation of winter’s arrival.
That way, you will also avoid the annoyance and unexpected extra costs due to the damage caused by the freezing climate.
Those are some of the vehicle problems in winter. Hopefully, the solutions can help you so that your vehicle always functions normally as safely as it should.
Ryan Daniel is a car enthusiast, and he has years of experience in the automotive field as an engineer. Now he is also active as an automobile blogger and member of the auto community.