As you know, the automotive system is very complex. But finding faults and fixing them is not a difficult task if you have enough knowledge and expertise.
Abilities and Terms to Diagnose Car Problems
Talking about the knowledge needed to be able to solve problems with cars, there are two points you need to know:
- Understand the system in which the problem occurs
- Ability to logically carry out routine diagnoses
- Symptom: anything you feel, hear, or see that is unusual or abnormal appears from your car or system notifications.
- Fault: errors in the vehicle systems that cause symptoms
- Root cause: The causes of faults in the car system
Systems of the Car Where Failure May Occur
However, you can apply general diagnostic techniques and principles to any system.
6 Steps of Car Problem Diagnosis
- Do verification by answering questions like whether there is really a problem with the car? Can you confirm the symptoms?
- Gather the information regarding the vehicle problem. The trick is based on research and observation.
- Do the evaluation carefully. At this stage, you have to think about the evidence.
- Carry out further tests in a logical order.
- Repair car problems
- Do check and make sure all system returns to normal.
Car Repair Risk Assessment
- Don’t fool about; always use common sense when repairing vehicles. Don’t hesitate to ask others for help when you need it.
- Always use personal protective equipment following the risks involved with repaired vehicle parts.
Sources and Ways to Reduce Risk When Repairing a Car
- Battery Acid: Contains sulfuric acid, which is highly corrosive. You need rubber gloves and goggles if you work with these components intensively to protect skin and eyes well.
- Ignition HT: This is the most likely place for electric shock. So always use insulated tools, especially if you are working with the engine running in an HT circuit. High voltages are possible in the windings; several hundred volts are typical. It is highly recommended to use an earth leakage trip and make sure all equipment that supplies electricity and all cables is in proper condition.
- Fire risk: Smoking while repairing a car is not a good idea. Immediately solve the problem of fuel leak completely. Remember the fire triangle? Heat, fuel, and oxygen! So don’t let you make it three perfect sides.
- Exhaust gases: Are you going to work indoors? Make sure you have good air circulation to remove CO from the exhaust when you start the engine. This exhaust gas can kill you or make you sick; other substances from the exhaust are carcinogens.
- Jack: When a vehicle is raised with a jack or drive-on lift, apply brakes and wheel chops. Only jack underneath the structure of the big chassis as well as suspension. If the jack fails, you should use the axle stands.
- Loads: Always lift what’s easy and comfortable for you, call for support if required, or use appropriate lifting equipment. If you think it’s too heavy, don’t lift it yourself.
- Short circuits: It is advisable to use jump leads and in-line fuses to avoid short circuit injury during testing. Immediately remove the battery if there is a danger of a short circuit. Be careful; a high electric current may flow from the battery can burn you and even the car.
- Engines: Keep the car keys to prevent anyone from starting the engine while driving. Take caution while working along the running drive belt. Use ideal overalls and avoid wearing loose clothing.