Causes of Steering Wheel Vibration at High Speeds and How To Fix It

Driving with a vibrating steering wheel at high speed is undoubtedly uncomfortable and risks causing an accident due to unstable handling. 
Now we want to explain to you the reasons why your steering wheel shakes while you are speeding (like more than 85 km/h) and how to solve this problem.

Technical Causes of Vibration on a Car Steering Wheel

Here are some of the causes of steering wheel shakes that you need to know.

1. The wheels are not balanced

When you often drive long distances over bumpy or potholed roads, each wheel’s percentage of vehicle weight is not the same.
Over time, the wheel that holds the most massive load will be disrupted. The vehicle becomes unbalanced, and then you got a shaking steering wheel. 
The bumps on the tires occur because the surface often interacts with the hot asphalt. Also, differences in the thickness of each tire can cause the wheels to become unbalanced.

2. Worn bearings

The worn ball bearing of the front wheel causes the component performance to not support the load. When the car is driven, the bearing balls will move, and vibrations will be felt on the steering wheel.
Bad bearings cause continuous vibration on the steering wheel and damage other components such as bushing arms, joints, tie rods, and other parts.

3. Bent rims

Besides being dangerous, bent car rims cause unstable wheel rotation and steering wheel vibrations. 

4. Bad car brakes

Problems with the car’s brake system such as discs, brake shoes, and other components can also make your car steering shake when braking.
Uneven car brake discs are caused by improper installation of the brakes or used for a long time. The condition of the side that is pinched during the braking process causes vibrations to the steering wheel.

5. Understeer part is not functioning normally

Problems with understeer parts such as tie rod, rack roller, ball joint, and long tie rod can trigger the steering wheel shake at quick spin.

How To Overcome Steering Vibration

After you know the factors that cause the steering wheel to vibrate, here are some solutions you can do to fix it.

1. Gradually, check the rims, tires, brakes, and the vehicle’s support frame.

Observe whether there is a tire bulge, or the pressure is not balanced. Are the rims bent or not? Then, also check your car brakes. If there are no problems with these components, but you feel there is something doubtful, you can take your car to a particular repair shop.
Stop the habit of speeding and then braked suddenly (driving Run and Go) because the tires can be damaged quickly. As a result, the vehicle is unbalanced, and the steering wheel vibrates.
Always check the tire pressure because it affects the shape of the tire. When the tire pressure is not appropriate, then a hard bumpy or off-road impact will bend the rim.

2. Check balls bearing

You need to replace damaged ball bearings. But, if it’s still in good condition, then just take care of it regularly.

3. Spooring and Balancing

One way to deal with a vibrating car steering wheel is by spooring and balancing all four tires or wheels.
Do spooring and balancing every 10,000 Km so that the vehicle is always stable for driving comfort.

4. Check your brake pads 

Check the brake pads’ condition, immediately replace it with a new one if it is not functioning normally. Besides causing vibration on the steering wheel, bad brake pads also endanger your safety while driving, so never ignore it.
Those are the causes and ways to solve the vibration problem in the steering wheel when you are driving at high speed. We hope this information can help you.

Leave a Comment